The Enchanting Friesian Horses

Friesian horses

Friesian horses are distinctive in look and are used for several purposes in comparison to other breeds of horses. They have a good history, a striking appearance, and a good lifespan. If you want to know everything about these horses and how they originated, then stick to this page and read to the end to answer any of your questions. So, let’s begin!

Origin And History of Friesian Horses

Origin And History of Friesian Horses

Friesian horses have a long and popular history, and they are the most desired horses in the world. As the name indicates, they originated from the city of Netherlands – Friesland. In the early 4th century, troops used to ride over these horses. Besides this, Friesian horses served a variety of roles, from agricultural work to military campaigns.

Friesian horses experienced a period of significant development and refinement in the 16th and 17th centuries. Breeders used to focus on enhancing the breed’s characteristics, resulting in the distinctive appearance and temperament seen in modern Friesians. By then, they gained popularity in the 20th century in the whole world, and today, they are in use due to their many characteristics.

Size & appearance

The height of Friesian horses ranges between 15 and 17 hands and weighs about 544 to 635 kg. To be in studbooks, mares and geldings should be at least 15 hands tall. Moreover, an adult male horse must be at least 15.3 hands tall by the time they are four, but some can be almost 17 hands tall.

A good-looking Friesian horse has a beautiful head, wide nostrils, small ears, and big eyes. They are known for their black color. Their heads are beautifully connected to their neck with proper spacing, such as their throat and wide jawbones are adequately placed. Hence, their neck is high and big. And strong. Their backs are moderate in length, and slightly lower backs are okay. Overall, beautifully connected joints and muscles make Friesian horses adorable among all breeds of horses.


The firesians are well known for their genuine character and hardworking nature. They are strong and full of energy. They are intelligent and can learn things quickly with the proper training. Many riders can ride these horses due to their friendly and calm personality. But remember, each drieFriesianse has its unique personality.


The Friesian horse is known for its powerful appearance and stunning looks, which require careful grooming to maintain. Are you a horse lover? If so, then you can’t resist the charm of their flowing manes and tails and their shiny black coats. It’s truly a sight to behold! They have dry skin, so they need proper skin care along with the best moisturizer to prevent rashes. Do regular washing of their feathers, and it is best to avoid them from direct sunlight to prevent their coats from fading. Brush their long tail hair and mane; you can also braid this hair to provide tangles.

Diet and Nutrition

Friesian horses are easy to keep; they can be happy with a little meal filled with fruits, vegetables, grain, and hay. Please don’t give them extra food so they may not become overweight. But on the other hand, sports horses need extra energy and food. Supplements are also necessary in their nutrients and diet.

Health Concerns of Friesian Horses

Health Concerns of Friesian Horses

As we know, the sian horse comes from a small group of ancestors, so they used to have a lot of babies from their family members. Due to this reason, they have many health problems. But now breeders know the solution and do care as well as use reasonable practices to the full extent so that the horses might avoid getting the problem. Despite proper care, there are some diseases that Friesian horses might get, which are as follows:

  • Connective tissue abnormalities
  • Genetic diseases
  • Other health issues

Check the details of the health-mentioned issue types below:

Connective Tissue Abnormalities

Most of the health problems in Friesian horses are due to connective tissue abnormalities. This is the reason the breeders used to choose those horses who had fancy gaits and looser tendons. Moreover, these horses have a different level of collagen breakdown than any other horse breed. Hence, their collagen can degrade quickly. Therefore, they have more problems with their connective tissues.

Genetic Diseases

As we talked earlier, due to mating within the family, they are highly susceptible to some genetic diseases. These are as follows:


It is a common problem in Friesian horses. Under this condition, they have broad chests and are shorter than usual, having shorter legs as compared to their resting body size. Dwarf Friesians face tendon laxity (loose tendons) and fetlock hyperextension (too much bending of fetlock joints). These anomalies make them walk oddly, with a high risk of injuries to their soft tissues.

But this doesn’t mean that they live little as compared to other normal Friesians; their lifespan is the same as that of other Friesians. In today’s era, you can find out which horse is carrying the gene of dwarfism through DNA testing. So, it can help breeders avoid mating those horses who have dwarfism genes in them.


0.25% of Friesians have susceptibility to hydrocephalus. In this condition, horses have too much fluid in their brain, which leads to swelling of the brain. This disorder can lead to dystocia – difficulty in baby delivery.

If a horse with such a condition is born, it shows serious brain problems and is put to sleep. To avoid the transfer of this disorder to other horses, breeders do a DNA test, which reveals which horse has which disorder.

Other Health Issues of Friesian Horses

Some other common health problems are discussed below:

Other Health Issues of Friesian Horses

Aortic Rupture

It is a collagen-related disease in Friesian horses. The aorta is a big artery that carries blood to the heart, so once it gets ruptured, it causes sudden death in the horses. Before its symptoms show up, they might get sick. Then they start showing up the signs like leg swelling, stomach pain, high fever, and faster heart rate. If you notice any of these signs, call your vet right away.


It is a severe problem in Friesian horses where the esophagus – the canal that carries food to the stomach, gets bigger and doesn’t work well. This makes it hard for the horses to swallow, causes them to lose weight, and can lead to choking and lung problems if food gets into their lungs. Just like aortic rupture disorder, it is also a collagen-related disease. The esophagus remains big all the time, and it also loses its muscle strength.

Skin Disorders

Friesian horses often suffer from skin disorders. The thick hair on their legs can lead to chronic pastern dermatitis, which is also known as mud fever. In addition to mud fever, 18% of these horses often get insect bite hypersensitivity, a condition which is also known as sweet itch.

Birth Problems

Friesian mares often get into trouble right after giving birth. According to a survey, about 54% of these horses suffer from retained placenta, in which the newborn doesn’t come out of its mother quickly. The fact is that this disorder is less common in any other horse breed.

Equine Metabolic Syndrome (EMS)

Friesians are more likely to get EMS, but it is still unknown why and how it is so common in these horses. However, some vets believe that the reason for the appearance of this syndrome is the weather in the area where they come from. The second reason is their ancestors from Arabian and Andalusian breeds.

It is a condition in which abdominal obesity, low cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, damaged fasting glucose, and high triglyceride level-like symptoms are highlighted. However, in this condition, horses have too much insulin in their blood, which is called hyperinsulinemia. Secondly, they become prone to laminitis – a problem with their feet, and thirdly, they become overweight in this condition.

Whatever the chance of getting any disease, with proper care and management, they can live a healthy and long life. Regular vet check-ups, vaccines, and proper diet can help them avoid any disease.

The Lifespan of Friesian Horses

The Friesian horse may live up to 16-17 years, but with appropriate veterinary care and health activeness, some individuals may live for about 25-30 years. Isn’t it a big number? Ditties! What makes them live longer revolves around various factors – management, genetics, exercise, and proper diet. Friesian horse lives more than any other horse breed in the world.

Hence, the enchanting Friesian horses stand out as a majestic breed. From its origins in the Netherlands to its prominent role in medieval battles and aristocratic circles, the Friesian has evolved into a symbol of grace, strength, and versatility. Today, they are favorites for many equestrians and can be their best companions. So, if you want to be a horse rider and do not want to be hurt by any other horse, then Friesians can be the best choice!